AFGHANISTAN WAR, began October 7, 2001. It is also called Operation Enduring Freedom. It was launched in response to the Taliban led government’s support of Osama Bin Laden’s heinous attack on the civilian population of The United States. The war began with a massive American Air Campaign to destroy Taliban air defenses and effectively destroy their command and control operations. Despite the swift removal of Al-Qaeda from the area an on-going guerilla war has occurred ever since. In the following years of what is now America’s second longest war more than 1,800 American service men and women have valiantly given their lives and more than 14,000 have been wounded. General John P. Jumper, the Air Force Chief of Staff (2001-2005) said of American military personnel "Our warriors are no longer limited to the people who fly the airplanes...our entire force is a warrior force. Being a warrior is not an AFSC (Air Force specialty code),...it's a condition of the heart."