THE COLD WAR (1947-1991) was a long period of indirect conflict between The United States and its allies in opposition to the Soviet Union and its allies including China. The object was to determine whether western style democracy and capitalism would survive against the spread of totalitarian communism throughout the world. It may have been best rhetorically identified by Winston Churchill’s famous “Iron Curtain speech” in Fulton, Missouri. Presidents Truman and Eisenhower formulated America’s military and civilian strategy against it with the use of soldiers and sailors everywhere. Accepting the Soviet challenge was best summed up by President Kennedy in his 1961 Inaugural Address, “….Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” Millions of American servicemen and women served in this long running “cold war” in countless places around the globe.